Finance and the Social Security System

Objective of our research on “finance and the social security system”

Japan currently faces practical and immediate issues of financial collapse, failure of local economies, and associated curtailment and deterioration of public services, caused by declining population, falling birth rate and an aging society. Furthermore, on one hand, it has been asserted that the decline in Japan’s birth rate not only decreases Japan’s future national power but also endangers the very existence of the Japanese people leading to a downward spiral; on the other hand, the creation of a new social system is sought to revitalize society, such as immigration policy, foreign-resident participation in local communities in association with the levy on foreigners of local taxation.

In growing globalization of world economy, Japan faces macroscopic issues such as how Japan’s finance and social security system should be and how it be balanced between central and local governments. On the other hand, proactive approaches shall also be made to micro issues such as anideal form of safe and secure medical security systems, an effective medical and nursing care insurance systems for alleviating the financial burden, a system to raise the birth rate and developing excellent human resources who could struggle to survive in this fierce competition on the global scale, and an ideal form of safety net systems for dismissal of workplace or unemployment, which may expose household finances to the highly volatile social environment.

Research areas

Tax and social security systems, local government finances, health technology assessment (HTA), population health, etc.

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Research Themes

Project Leader Research Director Yukihiro MATSUYAMA
Research Objective
Population Health is called Data Health in Japan. As nationwide databases of medical records have been constructed and analyses begun, accumulation of knowhow is in progress. Therefore, we will make an international comparison in population health and explore further issues.
Project Leader Research Director Yukihiro MATSUYAMA
Research Objective
Living support services that are most required in community-based comprehensive care services are provided by social welfare corporations instead of medical care institutions. For this reason, we will design and propose new living support schemes based on social welfare corporations.
Project Leader Research Director Isao KAMAE
Collaborator(s) Makoto KOBAYASHI (Director and Chief Operating Officer, Crecon Medical Assessment Inc.), etc.
Research Objective
Since the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare institutionalizaed the Health Technology Assessment (HTA) in April 2019, we investigate the agenda and challenges toward the subsequent development of this system. In collaboration with HTA experts from the Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo, overseas universities, and government institutions, we will aim to foster Japan's HTA leaders of the next-generation and lead the era of "value-based healthcare."

Research Fellows

(in Alphabetical Order)